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Sunday, July 5, 2020 | History

2 edition of Antarctic mineral resource activities found in the catalog.

Antarctic mineral resource activities

United States. Congress. House. Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries. Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations.

Antarctic mineral resource activities

hearing before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations of the Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries, House of Representatives, One Hundred First Congress, second session ... March 14, 1990.

by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries. Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations.

  • 182 Want to read
  • 6 Currently reading

Published by U.S. G.P.O., For sale by the Supt. of Docs., Congressional Sales Office, U.S. G.P.O. in Washington .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Antarctica.,
  • United States.
    • Subjects:
    • Mines and mineral resources -- Environmental aspects -- Antarctica.,
    • Prospecting -- Environmental aspects -- Antarctica.,
    • Conservation of natural resources -- Antarctica.,
    • Environmental protection -- Antarctica.,
    • Environmental policy -- United States.

    • Classifications
      LC ClassificationsKF27 .M474 1990a
      The Physical Object
      Paginationiii, 262 p. :
      Number of Pages262
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL1986413M
      LC Control Number90601753

      Any negative effects of exploitation would pale in comparison to other negative environmental activities going on around the world: By far the greatest impacts on the Antarctic are external, e.g. the impact of CFCs on the ozone layer over the south pole, global warming, the effects of whaling and pollution on the marine environment. Compared to. Read "International Law on Antarctic Mineral Resource Exploitation" by Runyu Wang available from Rakuten Kobo. This book analyzes the legal regime of the exploitation of the mineral resources in the Antarctic. Therefore, it elabora Brand: Peter Lang.

      Antarctic Mineral Resource Activities SUMMARY The Convention on the Regulation of Antarctic Mineral Resource Activities creates the means for determining the acceptability of resource activities and for regulating any activities determined to be acceptable. It is a compromise agreement. Its final form is due in large part to the fact that seven. Pursuant to 16 USCS § (2), [Title Conservation; Chapter 44B. Antarctic Mineral Resources Protection] the term Antarctic mineral resource activity means “prospecting, exploration, or development in Antarctica of mineral resources, but does not include scientific research within the meaning of article III of the Antarctic Treaty, done at Washington on December 1, ”.

      Also included is the text of, and information on, the Convention for the Regulation of Antarctic Mineral Resource Activities, which has not been ratified by any state." Links to materials in PDF. Guide to Law Online: Antarctica. Library of Congress. Information and Author: Naomi Lederer. At the ba~ of the discussions of the Bonn Meeting were draft articles, proposed by the chairman of the first session o[ the Special Consultative Mecdngs on the Antarctic Mineral Resources (Wellington, January ) Mr. C.D. Beeby_s These draft ar- ticles provide a certain right 0f veto [O claimant states with respe~ to territories claimed Cited by: 2.


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Antarctic mineral resource activities by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries. Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations. Download PDF EPUB FB2

The Convention on the Regulation of Antarctic Mineral Resource Activities: An Attempt to Break New Ground (Beiträge zum ausländischen öffentlichen Recht und Völkerrecht) [Wolfrum, Rüdiger, Steudel, Andreas] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying by: 3. About this book. About this book. On June 2,after six years of negotiations!, the Convention on the Regulation of Antarctic Mineral Resource Activities was successfully con­ cluded.

With this Treaty (which was opened for signature from Novem to Novem ) another important dimension is added to the 2 Antarctic legal system • This system, so far, comprises the Antarctic Treat Brand: Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Therefore, it elaborates on the development of the Antarctic Treaty and the Antarctic Treaty System (ATS). The author examines the history and influence of the Convention for the Regulation of Antarctic Mineral Resource Activities (CRAMRA), which purpose it is to prohibit unregulated mineral resource activities in Antarctica, and its provisions are extremely strict with the aim of environmental : Runyu Wang.

No Antarctic mineral resource activities shall be conducted except in accordance with this Convention and measures in effect pursuant to it and, in the case of exploration or development, with a Management Scheme approved pursuant to Article 48 or File Size: KB.

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Antarctic Research Series, Volume Interest in the potential mineral resources of Antarctica has been expressed throughout the history of exploration of the continent. Get this from a library. Antarctic mineral resource activities: hearing before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations of the Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries, House of Representatives, One Hundred First Congress, second session Ma [United States.

Congress. House. Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries. There has always been heated debate around the subject of Antarctica as a mineral resource. While the exploitation of mineral resources in Antarctica is prohibited by the Antarctic Treaty with 54 states party so far, governmental bodies of leading countries are spending huge resources on performing research there.

For the last two decades, the geoscience research interest and activities in West Antarctica. Convention on the Regulation of Antarctic Mineral Resource Activities Francis Auburn Law School, University of Western Australia, Nedlands, Perth, Western AustraliaAustraliaCited by: The mining issue was first raised in by the UK and New Zealand who had been approached by mineral companies who were interested in exploration in the Southern Ocean.

Between and a set of tough environmental protection measures were set out under the Convention on the Regulation of Antarctic Mineral Resource Activities (CRAMRA). “(w)ith respect to Article 7, the prohibition on Antarctic mineral resource activities contained therein shall continue unless there is in force a binding legal regime on Antarctic mineral resource activities that includes an agreed means for determining whether, and, if so, under which conditions, any such activities would be : Nicholas R.

Kirkham, Kristina M. Gjerde, A. Meriwether W. Wilson. The third of the resource conventions negotiated by the Antarctic Treaty consultative parties was the Convention on the Regulation of Antarctic Mineral Resource Activities.

The minerals issue brought into the open tensions among the consultative parties which had been more easily managed in the living resource : Lorraine M. Elliott. The author examines the history and influence of the Convention for the Regulation of Antarctic Mineral Resource Activities (CRAMRA), which purpose it is to prohibit unregulated mineral resource activities in Antarctica, and its provisions are extremely strict with the aim of environmental protection.

International Environmental Law book. A Case Study Analysis. By Gerry Nagtzaam, Evan van Hook, Douglas Guilfoyle. Edition 1st Edition. First Published eBook Published 23 October Pub. location London. Imprint Routledge.

Antarctic regime and mineral exploitation. Extract ← 86 | 87 → Part 2: CRAMRA Despite being mentioned at the Antarctic Treaty Conference, the original Atlantic Treaty does not deal with mineral exploration and exploitation CRAMRA, as a component of the Antarctic Treaty System, fills a gap in the system.

CRAMRA covers mineral resources, meaning all non-living natural, non-renewable resources, including fossil fuels, metallic. This unusual state of affairs was created by the Antarctic Treaty, which came into full force in and is often referred to as the Antarctic Treaty System (ATS).

Minerals were to be covered by the Convention on the Regulation of Antarctic Mineral Resource Activities (CRAMRA), but this convention has never come into : James N.

Rosenau, Mary Durfee. The Convention on the Regulation of Antarctic Mineral Resource Activities (Antarctic Treaty, Special ATCM ), bringing yet another acronym (CRAMRA) to the Antarctic scene, was welcomed by the Antarctic Treaty Parties (ATPs) as a reinforcement of the Antarctic Treaty System (ATS).

It fills a major gap in the sphere ofCited by: The Encyclopedia of the Antarctic discusses scientific activities and topics, but the 'human element' is also a significant part of the work, with entries on history, politics, legal issues, national research programs, scientific bases, historic huts, the United Nation's 'Question of Antarctica,' compliance with the Environmental Protocol, and.

Antarctica and the Southern Ocean cover one-tenth of the earth's surface. In a legal and environmental sense, Antarctica represents the geography of hope. It is the freshest and most pristine of regions, governed by a legal regime that offers Antarctica and its circumpolar water the unique possibility of becoming the world's first global wilderness preserve.5/5(1).

It has been argued that "every area" means every area that is to be subject to resource activities as such, so claimants do not necessarily have a veto over entry into force (S. Blay and B.

Tsamenyi, The Convention on the Antarctic Mineral Resource Activities [CRAMRA] [Hobart: Faculty of Law, University of Tasmania, ], p. 12).Author: Francis Auburn. mineral resources of Antarctica would be classi-fied as speculative at this time. While the classification of mineral resources will change with time, most experts would agree that classification of Antarctic minerals is not likely to change before the end of this century and probably not for several more decades.

Any change would. mineral deposits of neighboring continents. It does not attempt to make any judgements on whether or not the mineral resources of Ant­ arctica should be for and exploited. Rather, an objective analysis is given of the present geologic information, aimed. at apprais­ ing the mineral resources Cited by: CONVENTION ON THE CONSERVATION OF ANTARCTIC MARINE LIVING RESOURCES Canberra, 20 May The Contracting Parties, Recognising the importance of safeguarding the environment and protecting the integrity of the ecosystem of the seas surrounding Antarctica; Noting the concentration of marine living resources found in Antarctic waters and the increased interest in the possibilities .From the late 18th century to the s, whaling and sealing were the main economic activities in the Antarctic regions.

After hunting decimated whale Antarctica - Antarctica - Economic resources: The search for economic resources led to the first sustained human interaction in Antarctica.